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How to use Preposition

By Mamta Kalla - Sunday, 25 January 2015 No Comments

In / within
"In" shows the last point of time
"within" shows during the time 

Example
  • She will come in a week‘s time. (at the close of month .)
  • You must return my money in a month.
  • You can learn this in a year.
  • She will return within weak‘s time. (any time during the week )
  • You must finish a work within a month.
  • they will return home within a year.
  • I will give you reply within a week.
  • I will learn this song with in four days.

In / at
 "In" for moveable condition
"at" for immoveable condition

Example
  • The bus is in motion.
  • The work is in progress.
  • He stands at the rock.
  • He is at home.
In / into
"In" shows a immoveable position of thing ( position of rest)
"into" shows a moveable condition of the thing ,( position of motion )

Example -
  • The chair is in the room.
  • They will sit in the hall.
  • There is tiger in the cage.
  • She went in to the room.
  • The ball fell in to the tank.
With / by
"with" for instrument
"by"- for agent

Example
  • He is doing his work with a pen.
  • The latter was written by him.
  • The branch of tree was cut with an axe.
  • The branch of tree was cut by servant.

On / upon
"on"- immoveable  condition
"Upon"- State of motion

Example
  • The pen is on the table.
  • She kept her pen on the table.
  • She jumped upon the table.

Till / to
"Till" is using for time expression
"to" is using for place

Example
  • Shop is open till 9 ‘o clock.
  • She went to the station.

Since / from
"Since" is used in perfect tense for point of time, before any noun or phrase
"From" is also used for point of time,but in non perfect tense
  • (Note – since or from these both words shows only point of time , not a period of time we can say since Monday, since 1990, from Monday, from 1990 )
Example
  • I have been living with my uncle since2010.
  • I started to learn English form the age of 10.
  • I shall starting working form Monday.
  • I have been speaking to him from Jun.
  • For- is used for period of time like
  • I have been living with my uncle for five years.
  • I have been talking to him for the last 10 days.

On / At
Both are time expression words
"on" for any special occasion or day,

 "at" for hour.

Example
  • She will come on Monday.
  • We will talk on July 24th .
  • We will talk at 5 pm.

Between / Among
"Between" for- two persons, things etc
"among" for – more than two persons or things n 

Example
  • The father wants to divide his property between his two sons.
  • The father wants to divide his property among his three sons.
  • There e is a competition between two sisters.
  • There is a competition  among four sisters.

Of / off
"Of" – connected with something
"off" – non connected with something

Example
  • A student of my school.
  • a member of my family.
  • A boy of my dance group.
  • Off- he is off duty today.
  • She jumped off the roof.

Beside / Besides
"Beside" means by the side of
"besides" means in addition to

Example
  • there is a small cottage beside my farm.
  • I wanted to stand beside you.
  • He has a Scooter besides a car.
  • Besides a website he is also running some blogs on English language.

Among / Amongst
These both words have the same meaning but the different is that "amongst" should be used with the words that start with vowels. Like
  • He is very popular amongst us.

For / During
"For " tells the  during period of time about uncertain period
"During" tells about certain time of period

Example
  • we did not talk for a long time.
  • He is on leave for 15 days.
  • He will come during 10 days.
  • We enjoyed a lot during our college days.

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