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Synthesis (Making of Simple,Complex,Compound Sentences)

By Learn English - Wednesday, 2 October 2013 No Comments
What is synthesis ?

Synthesis is the just opposite of clause analysis and means the combination of a number of simple sentence in to one new sentence – simple, compound or complex.
 

Synthesis is a way that makes complex or compound sentence by adding so many simple sentences.
syntheses work in three ways – like

  • Making a new simple sentence by adding two simple sentences
  • Making a new compound sentence with two simple sentences
  • Making a new complex sentence with two simple sentences

Making a new simple sentence with two or more than two simple sentences.
There are six ways to make a new simple sentence by adding two or more than two simple sentences.

By using Participle -
for example

Separate-
He saw a lion. He fled away.
Combined – seeing a lion he fled away

Separate- He jumped up. He ran away.
Combined- jumping up he ran away.

Separate-
He tired of reading. He retired to bed.
Combined-being tired of reading, he retired to bed.

By using Noun or Phrase in Opposition

Separate –
I love Ritu very much. She is my sister.
Combined- I love my sister Ritu very much.

Separate- I saw a famous dancer. Her name is Diya.
Combined- I saw the famous dancer, Diya .

Separate- My friend was killed in a plane crash. He was one of my greatest supporters in my bad time.
Combined- My friend, one of my greatest supporters in my bad time, was killed in a plane crash.

By using Preposition with Noun or Gerund

Separate-
We reached the movie hall. The movie had finished by that time.
Combined- Before our reaching the movie hall, the movie had finished.

Separate- The servant swept the room; he found a rupee lying in the corner.
Combined- while sweeping the room, the servant found a rupee lying in a corner.

Separate- He has failed many times. He still hopes to get success at last.
Combined- In spite of many failures he still hopes to get success at least.

By using Nominative Absolute

Separate- The office caught fire. All the furniture was brunt to ashes.
Combined- The office having caught fire, all the furniture was brunt to ashes.

Separate-
Rains have been plentiful this year. The crop of apple has been rich.
Combine-Rains having been plentiful this year, the crop of apple has been rich.

Separate-
The thieves were caught by the police. They surrendered the stolen property.
Combined- Having been caught by the police, the thieves’ surrender the stolen property. 

By using Infinitive

Separate-
I am going to Jaipur. I have to purchase a house.
Combined- I am going to Jaipur to purchase a house.

Separate-
there are still three questions left. I have to solve them.
Combined- I have still three more questions to solve.

Separate-
He is very weak. He cannot pass this year.
Combined- He is too weak to pass this year.

By using adverb or adverbial phrase

Separate-
She was scolded. Her uncle scolded badly.
Combined- She was badly scolded by her uncle.

Separate-
It was evening. The train had not reached by the time.
Combined- The train had not reached by evening.

Separate-
He was dismissed from service. His dismissal was undeserved.
Combined- He was undeservedly dismissed from service.

By using to+ Adjective / adverb

Separate-
She is Poor. She cannot buy this.
Combined- She is too poor to buy this.

Separate-
He is weak. He cannot run.
Combined- He is too weak to run.

Separate-
She is tired. She cannot dance.
Combined- She is too tired to dance.

Adjective / Adverb + Enough

Separate-
She is rich. She can buy a designer outfits.
Combined-She is rich enough to buy designer outfits.

Separate-
This hall is large. Three hundred persons can sit in it.
Combined- This hall is large enough for three hundred person to sit in.

Separate-
She has much time. She can enjoy this big mall.
Combined- She has time enough to enjoy this big mall.

 Making of Complex sentence

Rules- to make complex sentence by adding two or more than two simple sentence
By using noun clause-

As we know noun clause works in five ways like Subject of verb, Object of transitive verb or preposition, Verb of incomplete predication ( is,are,am,was, were) and complement and in case of opposition.
In synthesis also noun form can be use by using noun clause

For example-
Separate- She is speaking true. It is known to all.
Combined- That she is speaking true it is known to all.

Separate
- He is saint. Everybody knows it.
Combined- Everybody knows that he is a saint.

Separate-
I told you that yesterday. You should try it.
Combined- You must try that what I told you yesterday.

Separate-
He has failed. The reason is his illness.
Combined- The reason of his failure is that he is ill.

Separate-
He was innocent. This was her statement. It was right.
Combined- Her statement that he was innocent was right.

By using Adjective Clause-

Synthesis of adjective clause can be done by relative pronoun or relative adverb
Like


Separate- I met an old man. He was very weak.
Combined- I met an old man who was very weak.

Separate-
I saw a car. It was black in colour.
Combined- I saw a car which was black in colour.

Separate-
I met friend. His phone was stolen in the train.
Combined- I met your friend whose phone was stolen in the train.

Separate-
I have purchased a big house, it has a big guest rooms. My guestroom is well- decorated.
Combined- The house that I have purchased has a big guest room which is well decorated.

By using Adverb clause-
Synthesis can be done by using Adverb clause in a way of Adverb clause of time ,reason, place, condition, comparison, contrast, result, manner
for example

Separate-
I could not come. I was ill.
Combined- I could not come because I was tied.

Separate-
He committed the theft. He has been caught by the police.
Combined- He committed the theft, so he has been caught by the police.

Separate-
Tell me the truth. I shall pardon you.
Combined- I shall pardon you if you tell me the truth.

Separate-
The thief saw the police. He took his heels.
Combined- As soon as the thief saw the police, he took his heels.

 Making of Compound Sentence

 Making of Compound sentence by adding two or more than two simple sentences
Synthesis also can be done by making co- ordinate conjunctions like (either…or, neither…..nor, also, likewise, so, therefore, and, but) sometimes comma (,) and Semi colon (;) also work like co ordinate conjunction and compound sentence can be made by that.
For example

Separate- I went to the market .I saw a beautiful watch. I could not, however purchase it.
Combined- I went to the market and saw a beautiful watch but I could not purchase it.

Separate- He is slow. He is regular.
Combined- he is slow but regular.

Separate- He is industrious. He is very serious in his work.
Combined- he is not only industrious but also very serious in his work.

Separate-  Get in. You may catch cold.
Combined- Get in or you may catch cold.

Separate- Do not be borrower. Do not be a lender either.
Combined – Neither a lender nor a borrower be.

Separate- It was very cold last night. I could not have a sound sleep.
Combined- It was very cold last night and therefore I could not have a sound sleep.

Separate- He was annoyed. Still he kept quite.
Combined- he was kept, still he kept quite.

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