Practice of Transformation

By Learn English - Saturday, 5 October 2013 No Comments

“To transform a sentence, is to change it from one grammatical to another without altering its sense.”

To transform a sentence one in to another grammatically, without changing sense of the sentence is called “transformation.”

How to do transformation?

There are some ways to do it. These are as following,
    • Interchange between affirmative and negative sentence

    • Interchange between exclamatory and assertive sentence

    • Interchange between different part of speech

    • interchange between simple and compound sentence 

    • Interchange between complex and compound sentence
    • Interchange between simple and complex sentence
    • Interchange between Principal and subordinate clause
    • Interchange between two voices from “Active to passive” and “Passive to active”
    • Interchange of degrees of adjective
    • interchange between “to” and “so”
    • Interchange of different form of sentence expressing concession on contrast
    • Interchange between different form of conditional sentence

    • Interchange between negative to affirmative, affirmative to negative.
    Affirmative: America is more powerful than China.
    Negative:China is not powerful like America.

    Affirmative: Seema is more careful than Riya.
    Negative: Riya is not as careful as seema.

    Negative: A wise man will not tell lie.
    Affirmative: A wise man will absent himself from telling a lie.

    Negative: None but a lawyer can answer this question.
    Affirmative: A lawyer alone can answer this question.
    • Interchange between exclamatory sentences to assertive sentence 

    Exclamatory: Oh, what a horrible sight it was.
    Simple: It was a very horrible sight.

    Exclamatory: O, for a breaker of vintage.
    Simple: I wish I had a breaker of vintage.

    Exclamatory: May you live long.
    Simple: I wish you live long.

    Exclamatory: what sweet delights a quite life gives.
    Simple: A quite life gives sweet delight.
    • Change in part of speech
    • Your work does not satisfy me.
      In this sentence the verb “satisfy” is changed into noun like
      "your work does not give me satisfaction."
    • Do you work patience fully?
      Adverb “Patience fully” can be changed in noun. Like
      Do you work with patience?
    • He has successfully finished the work.
      Adverb “successfully” can be change in to verb. Like
      He has succeeded in finishing the work.
    • He is a disgrace to the family.
      Noun “disgraced” can be changed in to verb. like
      he has disgraced the family.
    • His dress was poor and shabby
      Adjective poor and shabby can be changed in to adverb,
      He was poor and shabbily dressed.
    • Simple Sentence in to compound Sentence 
    Simple: He died a brave death leaving an example in the word.
    Compound: he died a brave death and left an example in the word.

    Simple: To his own disadvantage he broke off with his brother.
    Compound: He broke off with his brother and this was to his own disadvantage.

    Simple: Besides robbing the traveller, they also murder him.
    Compound: They not only robbed the traveller but also murdered him.

    Simple: He must work hard to pass this year.
    Compound: He must work hard or he will not pass this year.
    • Transformation of sentence containing “too” or “so”
    • He is too idle to work hard.
    • He is so idle that he cannot work.

    The sense of these sentences is same but the formation is different ,

    • She is too smart to be deceived.
    • She is so clever that she cannot be deceived.
    • My friend speaks too fast to be followed.
    • My friend speaks so fast that he cannot be followed.
    • Reva is too beautiful to be appreciated in words.
    • Reva is so beautiful that she cannot appreciate in words.
    • The road accident scene was too horrible to be explained.
    • The road accident scene was so horrible that it cannot be described.
    • The game is too long to play.
    • The game is so long that it cannot be played.
    • He is so foolish that he cannot understand you.
    • He is too foolish to understand you.
    • He is so small that he cannot go alone.
    • He is too small to go alone.
    • Concession or contrast sentence
    1. He is honest notwithstanding that he is poor. (By using of notwithstanding)
    2. However poor he is, he is honest. (By using however”)
    3. Poor as he is he is honest. (By using “As”)
    4. He is poor, all the same he is honest. (By using “all the same”)
    5. Admitting that he is poor, he is honest. (By using participle)
    6. He is poor, at the same time he is honest. (By using phrase)
    7. He is poor, for all the same he is honest. (Using phrase)
    8. He is poor indeed but he is honest. by using adverb “indeed” after that conjunction “but”)
    • Changes in degree of Adjective
    • No other king in the history of India is as great as Ashok is.(Positive degree of Adjective)

    In this sentence Adjective “great” can be changed in comparative or superlative degree. Like 

    1. No other king in the history of India is greater than Ashok.
    2. Ashok is the greater king in the history of India.
    • Iron is not heavier than some other metals.(comparative degree)
    • Some metals are not less heavy than iron.(comparative degree)
    • Iron is not the heaviest of all metals.( superlative degree)
    • Interchange between active to passive “or passive to active” voices
    • Active: It is too much for you to expect.
    • Passive: it is too much to be expected by you.
    • Active: your behaviour has astonished me much
    • passive: I have been much astonished at your behavior.
    • Active: They are building the furniture very quickly.
    • Passive: The road is being built very quickly by them.
    • Passive: my money has been stolen by my friend.
    • Active: my friend has stolen my money.
    • Passive: Smart behaviour can be expected from the student of university.
    • Active: One can expect smart behaviour from the students of university.
    • Active: The class laughed at him.
    • Passive: he was laughed at by the class.
    • Passive: Let the room be lighted before you enter.
    • Active: light the room before you enter.
    • Compound sentence into Simple sentence
    1. Compound: He took a piece of paper and started writing on it.
    2. Simple: Taking a piece of paper he started writing on it.
    1. Compound: He was poor but he was respected by all the people of his village.
    2. Simple: In spite of his poverty, he was respected by all the people of his village.
    1. Compound: Do not steal or you will be punished.
    2. Simple: Do not steal on pain of punishment.
    • Simple to complex sentence
    Simple: He owed his success to my help.
    Complex: It was owing to my help that he succeeded.

    Simple: My sister worked on my advice.
    Complex: My sister worked as I advised her.

    Simple: It was the cruelest blow.
    Complex: It was a blow than which no crueler clouds have been.

    Simple: He cannot succeed without your help.
    Complex: He cannot succeed unless you help him.

    Simple: listen to the teacher.
    Complex: Listen to what the teacher says.

    Simple: Man’s evils live after them.
    Complex: evils which man do live after them.

    Simple: Intelligent person never fail.
    Complex: The person who is intelligent never fails.

    • Complex into Simple

    Complex: She said that she was not guilty.
    Simple: He pleaded innocence.

    Complex: I want to know where your brother lives.
    Simple: I want to know the address of your father.

    Complex: No one knows whence the oil comes.
    Simple: No one knows the origin of oil.

    Complex: The men who have risen by their own efforts are always respected.
    Simple: Self made man are always respected.

    Complex: As you show you will reap.
    Simple: You will reap the fruit of your own showing.
    • Compound Sentence to complex sentence 
    Compound: Be honest and you will be respected by all.
    Complex: If you are honest, you will be respected by all.

    Compound: Waste not, want not.
    Complex: If you do not waste, you will not want.

    Compound: Do not go ahead or you may be drowned.
    Complex: if you go ahead, you may be drowned.

    Complex to compound

    if I get some help from my father, I shall succeed in setting up my business.
    Compound: I may get some help from my father and in that case I shall succeed in setting up my business.

    Complex: He ate more than ten cakes which he could not digest.
    Compound: He ate more than ten cakes, and he could not digest then.

    Complex: If you search this pocket, you will find the watch.
    Compound: Search this pocket and you will find the watch.

    • Interchange between principal clause to subordinate clause and subordinate clause to principal clause
    1. I met your sister when she was going to the school.
    2. Your sister was going to school when I met her.
    1. No sooner did I threaten then he confessed the guilt.
    2. He confessed the guilt as soon as I threaten him.
    1. I did not reach the station until the train had left.
    2. The train had left before I reached the station.
    1. I suggested for you a bride who was very beautiful.
    2. The bride I suggested for you was very beautiful.
    • Conditional sentence

    Conditional sentence can be changed in many forms. Like 
    By using conjunction “Unless”

    • If you speak the truth I shall pardon you.
    • Unless you speak the truth I shall not pardon you. 

    “If” in hidden sense

    1. Should you speak the truth, I shall pardon you.
    2. Had you spoken the truth, I should have pardoned you.
    3. Were you to speak the truth, I should have pardoned you.
    4. In case you speak the truth, I shall pardon you. (By using conjunction phrase)
    5. I shall pardon you provide you speak the truth. (By using participle phrase)
    6. Supposing you speak the truth, I shall pardon you.
    7. Speak the truth, and I shall pardon you. (By using imperative mood)
    8. But for your speaking the truth, I shall not pardon you.( by using prepositional phrase)

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