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Interrogative sentence Direct to Indirect speech

By Learn English - Wednesday, 11 September 2013 No Comments
 Interrogative sentence

There are some rules to change direct to Indirect speech of Interrogative sentence 
  •  Change in helping verb (Is, are, am, was, who, has, have, had, will, can, could, do, does, did )
  • Interrogative pronoun, adverb, adjective (what, whom, where, why, how, which , what )

Rules 

( 1 ) We can change the verb of reporting speech according the sense, but shouldn't be changes in the sentence… like 
we can say we can “asked”  “demanded” in the place of “said”  ( 2 ) No use of conjunction “that” .

( 3 )If interrogative sentence starts with auxiliary or helping verb than indirect sentence will start with “if” or “weather” .

( 4 ) If the sentence is start with integrative pronoun or adjective and interrogative adverb, indirect sentence also starts with these but without conjunction.

( 5 ) Interrogative sentence is converted in assertive sentence, for that we use subject before the verb and remove the interrogative mark .

( 6 ) Auxiliary verb (do, does) of reported speech is removed and use the past indefinite of main verb like 

She said to Sita ,” Do you know him?”
She asked Sita whether she knew him.


( 7 ) Auxiliary verb of reported speech "did" is removed and past perfect form is used 
  • I said to him, " did you go to school yesterday?"
  • I asked him, " whether he had gone to school the previous day?
( 8 ) If do not or does not are used in reported speech than present indefinite form is used in indirect with did not like
  • He asked to belly, " do not know me?"
  • He asked belly whether he did not know him.   

( 9 ) Use past perfect form with not in indirect sentence in the place of “did not”  

Solved Example 
      
Direct Speech
Indirect Speech
  •  She said to me, “how are you?”

  •  He asked me how I was. (Not, how was I)

  • Doctor said to him, “what is your name?”

  • Doctor asked him what his name was.

  • he said to him, “why did you come late?”

  • he asked him why he had come late.

  • She said, “when will they come?”

  • She asked when they would come.

  • : She asked his brother, “why are you crying?”

  • She asked her brother why he was crying.

  •  He said to me, “do you like books?”

He asked me if I liked books. (Not, did I like books)

He asked me whether I liked books.
  • She said, “Will he participate in the dance competition?”

  • She asked me if he would participate in dance competition.

  •  I said to him, “are you feeling well?”

  •  I asked him if he was feeling well.

  • They said to me, “did u go to temple?”

  • They asked me if I had gone to temple.

  •  He said to me, “Have you taken the breakfast?”

  • He asked me if I had taken the breakfast.

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