Uses of some important conjunction

By Learn English - Friday, 26 July 2013 No Comments
"No /not/never"……. "Or"

If, no/not/never come in any sentence and after the whole cause, to joint that cause we will use or, not nor…like..

  • They have no relation or supporters who can help them.
  • She has not a relative or supporter who can support her.
  • I never lived there or even went there before.

"Either or" / "Neither nor" 

As conjunction either or …neither nor are also used to connect only two words, cause ..as in pronoun or adjective this used only for two things , but in conjunction it can be used more than for  two 
when it is used as correlative conjunction it is used to connect tow nouns, pronouns, adverbs.

  • Neither john nor his mother, nor even his friend could be any help to me.
  • Neither power nor wealth, nor position can hold back the march of law.
  • Either my father or my brother or my uncle will help me in my hard time.

"Not either ……or" 
Not either always come with or:…like 
  • Her friends are not either reasonable or fair. 
  • The employee was not even active or up- to –date

"Until" / "Unless"

These both are negative expressions so "no" "not" "never" shouldn't be used with these expressions, 
 "until" is time expression 
 "unless" is conditional so these two conjunction never come in pair. like 
  • I shall wait until he come.
  • I shall fail unless you help me.

"The reason is" / "the reason why" 
Cause that come after,” reason is” or “reason why” is jointed with “that”not with because,owing to,due to. like
  • The reason why he is not talking to him is that he is too much rude.

"Whether" / "if" 
Whether if comes with “or not” and “or no” like...
  • I do not know whether he is interested or not.
  • I doubt whether you loved me or not.

"As if" / "as though" 
These both conjunctions come with past conditional tense, because these both are conditional expression, this conjunction never come with present or future tense. Like…
  • She behaved as she were a owner of the shop.

"Other"/ "rather…than" 
“Than” come after “other” / “rather” and comparative degree...Like 

  • I would rather go than stay at home.
  • I would rather have pen than pencil.

"Because" / "in order that"
To show reason, conjunction “because” or “in order that” are used 

  • He failed because he did not work hard.
  • He worked hard in order that he may secure first rank.

conjunction “or” is used to show alternate or choice 
  • you can have dress or accessory.
  • You can go to Jaipur or jodhpur.

 is used to tell about time expression like 

  • While I was in the society I never saw him.
  • While he lived with me, he laboured very hard.
  • While there is life there is hope.
  • While the boy sang the girl danced.

"Because" / "for" / "since" 
These three conjunction show the reason “because” has the most force and “for” the least and “since” is medium...Like 

  • She must come because her father is ill.
  • I am crying because am feeling very low.
  • He couldn't come since he is lazy.
  • He cannot be trusted for he is taking everything casually. 

Conjunction “that” is always used in only indirect narration, it never be used in direct narration like
  • He said that he will come today. (This sentences in indirect narration; if we say this thing in direct narration it would be wrong.
  • He said that “I am fond of music”

 “As……as”:  “Not so/as...as “:  than (conjunction of comparison)
  • This house is as big as that.
  • This house is not so (as) big as that.
  • This house is better than that.

“Though”, “ although “, “even if”,  “for all”, “no matter”,
 “however”, “whatever”, “adjective”, “adverb”+as)

These are called Conjunction of concession...Like 

  • though he is poor but he is not greedy.
  • Even if he is rude, I will talk to him politely.
  • For all they say about her, she is a nice girl.
  • No matter what people say, I’ll do it with full energy.
  • However fast he may run, he cannot win the race.
  • Whatever be the issues, he will always remain my best friend.
  • Simple as I am, am not a fool.
  • Roughly as he behaves, he is not a bad man.

“If”, “unless”, “provided”, “provided that”, “in case”  “supposing” that …
  • I’ll come alone in case she doesn't come.
  • Supposing that you are honest, I trust you.
  • Unless you work hard, you will not succeed.
  • He will succeed provided you are honest.

Conditional conjunction
 Conditional conjunction are written in three kind of tense
Simple future tense…
If you work hard, you will get success.
If you are polite, you will be respected.

Simple past tense (Most possibility to fulfil the condition)
  • If he buy two cars, he would give him one.
  • If you told me the truth, I wouldn't punish you.
  • Perfect tense (least possibility to fulfil the condition)

Past Prefect tense
  • If I have built two houses, I would have given you one.
  • If I had secured first position, my mother would have given me a new car.
  • if you have discovered the treasure, you would have got your share.

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