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Present indefinite tense

By Learn English - Wednesday, 19 June 2013 No Comments

There are three kind of tenses 
  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense
each form of tense has it s own structure.

Present tense
Structure of the present tense
Present indefinite tense- it has four forms
  1. affirmative sentence
  2. negative sentence
  3. Interrogative sentence - affirmative
  4. Interrogative sentence - negative
Affirmatives Sentence
Rule
  1. Plural noun (I, we, you, they) - will come with first form of the verb
  2. Singular noun (he, she, it) – Will come with first form of the verb with “s” or “es” like (work-works)
Example
  • I go to school.
  • They come to my home.
  • We go to temple.
  • I love my country.
Singular number
  • She goes to school.
  • He loves his country very much.
  • It works.
Negative sentence
  1. “Do not” with plural noun ( I,we,you,they)
  2. “does not” with singular noun.(He,she,it)
  • I do not go there.
  • They do not come here.
  • You do not listen me.
  • I do not like them.
Singular
  • She does not like him.
  • He does not go to market.
  • It doesn’t work nicely
  • She doesn’t dance.
  • Interrogative sentence
Interrogative Sentence - Affirmative
Rules
These sentence starts with “wh” words (what, where, when, who, how )
Do, does + subject + first form of the verb
Example
  • Do I go to school?
  • Do I know you?
  • Do they go to school regularly?
  • Do you help the poor
Singular
  1. with “do” “does” verb will come without "s" or “es”
  • Does she dance?
  • Does he read?
  • Does it work nicely?
Interrogative sentence- Negative
  1. if the sentence is negative in both condition singular or plural main verb ( do, does ) will come with "not" Example
  • Do I not go to school?
  • Do I not know you?
  • Do they not go to school regularly?
  • Do you not help the poor?
Singular
  • does she not dance?
  • Does she not know you?
  • Does he not read?
  • Does it not work nicely?
Exercise

Correct the following sentences.
  1. He go to temple.
  2. He bring fruits form market.
  3. Kids cryes.
  4. She go to her friend’s house.
  5. I goes to Mumbai with my mother.
  6. He respect everybody.
  7. She don’t work for him/
  8. they doesn’t fight with each other.
  9. She don’t respect her father.
  10. She don’t love him.
  11. Do she love him?
  12. Do he come on time?
  13. Don’t he come with you?
  14. Do he Wright a letter to his father?
  15. Where do he live/
  16. when do she come in the night?
  17. Why do she behave like this?
  18. Doesn't they respect their teachers?
  19. Why don’t Mohan do his home work?
  20. why he don’t love his younger brother.

Solved Exercise
  1. He goes to temple.
  2. He brings fruits form market.
  3. Kids cry.
  4. She goes to her friend’s house.
  5. I go to Mumbai with my mother.
  6. He respects everybody.
  7. She doesn't work for him.
  8. they don’t fight with each other.
  9. She doesn't respect her father.
  10. She doesn't love him.
  11. Does she love him?
  12. Doesn't he come on time?
  13. Doesn't he come with you?
  14. Does he write a letter to his father?
  15. Where does he live?
  16. When does she come in the night?
  17. Why does she behave like this?
  18. Don’t they respect their teachers?
  19. Why doesn't Mohan do his home work?
  20. Why  does he not  love his younger brother?

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