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Past Perfect Tense

By Learn English - Saturday, 29 June 2013 No Comments

  1. Rules – Time expression of past time is used here with “had” + third form of verb.
  2. Past perfect tense is used in complex sentence.
  3. in past perfect tense there are two sentences always joined with two words like “before” or “after”.
  4. Principal cause  sentences always come with “had” or third form of verb.
  5.  subordinate cause come with  subject + second form of verb.
Affirmative Sentences
  • He had left India before independence.
  • He had already gone.
  • He had already gone.
  • I had taken my dinner before sunset.
  • She has performed before you reached there.
  • The patient had died before the doctor reached.
  • She came after teacher had left.
Negative sentences
  • RuleIn principal cause we use “not” after “had” (had not)
  • In subordinate cause “did not” +”first form” of the verb
  • I did not take my dinner after the sun had set.
  • He had not gone before you reached there.
  • The patient had not died before the doctor reached
  • Interrogative Sentences; Affirmative
 Interrogative sentences - Affirmative
Rules – Principal cause are started with "had"
  • Had he gone before you reached there?
  • Had the patient died before the doctor reached?
  • Why had you gone before he came?
Interrogative Sentence – Negative
Rule – In principal cause "not" before the main verb.
  • Had I not taken my dinner before the sun set?
  • Had he not gone before you reached there?
  • Had the patient not died before the doctor reached?
  • Why had you not gone before he came?
Example
  1. The train had left before I reached the station.
  2. The bell had ringed before he reached the college.
  3. We had reached at the home before the sun set.
  4. He reached after the train had left.
  5. We did not take food after you had gone.
  6. We did not go there after the examination had finished.
  7. Had you taken bath before the sun rise?
  8. Did he come after we had gone?
  9. Had he given the payment before you said him?
  10. Why had you not learned before the exam started?
  11. Why he had not Wright a latter to you before he came?
  12. Where had you gone after I came?

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