Flash

Uses & exercise of shall / should , Will / Would

By Learn English - Friday, 19 April 2013 2 Comments
Uses of "shall"
"Shall" is used to make future tense sentence.
basically it is used before a verb in the infinitive to tell that something will take place in the upcoming future.
used to show-
  • obligation
  • requirement
  •  promise strong assertion or intention
  • expressing an instruction
  • order,command or obligation 
Note – (The difference to use  shall or  will is highly complicated, in today’s time  “shall” n “will” is using according to person of our subject . like - as we say “I will leave tomorrow” here speaker is determined to leave tomorrow , If we say “you shall leave tomorrow.” it is sounding like a command )

Shall is mostly used with first person pronoun “I” and “we”.

Assertion, intention
I shall go to see the movie.
  • We shall do it.
  • We shall come by bus.
  • you shall go to school.
  • I shall go to my home town.
Negative
  • He shall not repeat that mistake.
  • You shall not frighten him.
Interrogative
  •  Shall they punish you for your misbehavior?
  • What time shall we meet?
  • What dress shall I were?
  • Shall I open the door?
  • Shall we go?

"Should"

(The past tense of shall)
Used as an auxiliary verbs to indicates speaker’s  action ,mostly used with “I” or “we” I should like to stay with you used to show duty ( she should not do that)
to express condition (I should like to go with you)
To show desirability
  • We should be kind to the animals.
  • Everybody should serve his elder.
  • You should not come late.
  • Prize should be more reasonable
 To give Advice
  • You should pay your duty honestly.
  • You should pay your duty honestly.
  • They should give him moral support.
Should have+ Past participle (to show past possibility)
  • They should have built their own office.
  • She should have done more practice before giving performance.
  • He should have told the truth them by now.
Should taking as “if”
  • Should you come in time I would give you a prize.
  • Should she seek his help, he would certainly help him .
Should in indirect narration
He said "that he should do it again with more practice".


"Will"
will :used to express deliberate intention or wish,
to make present simple tense will is used with second or third person
  • You will attend the party.
  • He will come with me.
  • She will perform in the party.
"Will" to show determination
  • I will keep my words.
  • I will never hurt him.
  • We will give our best.
To show possibility and guess
  • She will need your guidance.
  • He will reach on time.
  • That will be my letter.
  • You will get something good in this.
Pray or invitation
  • Will you have coffee with me.
  • Will you give me lift to my office?
  • Will you not support me?

"Would"
would is used for showing desire, intent, to make polite request,
Expectations (that would be servant at the door),
indicate uncertainty ( he would seem getting better without medicine.)
Would is used for give advice, determination, possibility, guess etc

Would have + past participle (work that was not completed in the past)
  • If she had a worked a little harder, she would have secure first division.
  • Had she practised little harder she would have been awarded by dance academe.
“Would” is often used to tell about the past that occasionally happened
  • He would often spend his morning in the open air.
  • She would often go for swimming
Would rather / would sooner (to show preference)
  • I would rather sit silently.
  • I would rather break then bend.
  • I would sooner give up my break.
Would after wish (It shows strong desire)
  • I wish he would teach me.
  • I wish she would learn dance.

Exercise

Correct the sentence and make the right use of will/would/shall/ should

  1. His function will/would have been over by now.
  2. She would / will have been reached by now if it had not traffic jammed.
  3. She would / will have been a very highly paid professor if she had not dropped the interview.
  4. My uncle would /will often be found sitting all alone on the sea-shore.
  5. I would rather/ would sooner to keep quite than argue with you.
  6. I would sooner/ would rather sift to other place than bear this much of problems.
  7. We should have / would have soft heart for the poor and needy.
  8. Should / would he apply next year, I would concede his claim.
  9. She should/ would be mayor next year.
  10. He should / would have taken more interest in his subject.
  11. He said that he would / should not start a new business.
  12. My father asked me “what would / should you do if you get pass?”
  13. Shall / will we start now?
  14. Will / shall she be able to reach on time?
  15. They would / will like to meet you in the party.
  16. I would / will like to catch earliest available train.
  17. You should / shall be glad to have pleasure of his company.
  18. I really wish you would/ will come with me...


Solved exercise
  1. His function will have been over by now.
  2. She would have been reached by now if it had not traffic jammed.
  3. She would have been a very highly paid professor if she had not dropped the interview.
  4. My uncle would often be found sitting all alone on the sea-shore.
  5. I would rather to keep quite than argue with you.
  6. I would sooner sift to other place than bear this much of problems.
  7. We should have soft heart for the poor and needy.
  8. Should he apply next year, I would concede his claim.
  9. She should be mayor next year.
  10. He should have taken more interest in his subject.
  11. He said that he would not start a new business.
  12. My father asked me “what would you do if you get pass?”
  13. Shall we start now?
  14. Will she be able to reach on time?
  15. They would like to meet you in the party.
  16. I would like to catch earliest available train.
  17. You should be glad to have pleasure of his company.
  18. I really wish you would come with me.


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