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How to use Has/have/had

By Learn English - Saturday, 13 April 2013 No Comments
This is very important to learn where and how to use these  verbs .

How Use has/have/had in the sentences that are given below 

We use these verbs in making the perfect tense (Have, has, had)

  •  “ I” “ you” “ we” or third person plural always come with “have” 
  • and third person singular come with “ has”
  • In the past tense (first, second, and third person ) in both number singular and plural come with had.

Some wrong expressions with present perfect

We often make a very  common mistakes  in our sentence, that  we use past tense expression in present perfect tense. Never mix following past  expressions in your present perfect sentence sentence . some past tense expressions are
  • Yesterday, 
  • last evening/night/week / month/
  • little while ago/moment/minute ago/day/ month/ago

Wrong expressions
Right expressions
He has come yesterday.
He came yesterday.
I have done this  last year.
I did this last year.
He has come a few minute ago.
He came few minute ago.
I have met him last summer.
I met him last winter.

“Just now” with present Perfect
We can use has/have/had with "just now"

  • I have come just now.
  • She has given me this book just now.

When the work started in the past and continue to the present:
to make these kind of sentence we use this formation: (Present perfect + adverbial /prepositional phrase)
these adverbial prepositional phrase are as following
  • Yet
  • just
  • since 
  • for
  • never 
  • often today
  • recently
  • so 
  • far
  • until
  • now up to the present
  • this day, week, moment month etc
  • follow this formation to use above words..
Subject+ has/have +past participle + adverbial +prepositional phrase
  • We have not meet him since last year.
  • She has lived in Canada for many years.
  • She has not yet come.
  • I have recently built a new website.
Some adverbs always follows present perfect tense only, never follow simple past tens-
 like

  • Already 
  • yet 
  • since 
  • till now 
  • so far like … he has already come here. Never use this (he has already came here)

Causative verbs  -- When the subject of your sentence is making somebody else  to get the work done , there we use this formation.....

Subject+ has/ have /had  + object + past participial

  • I had her punished for this deed .
  • He has a website built.
  • I had my application corrected.
We can also use "get" or "got" in the place of has/have/ had...Like
  • I got him punished
  • I got my car repaired.
  • He gets his car repair every month.
  • I am getting my website built.

Past and distant past tense
When we want to say that  one task started in the past and the other one happened in the distant past:
See how to  make this kind of sentence.
 first task is written in perfect tense and the last is written in simple past tense and to joint these two sentences we use conjunction –
like... When, before, after
  • like - She has gone before I reached at her home.
first action – she has gone
Second Action  - I reached
So first action always come with perfect tense and the second with simple past tense.

Example
  • The patient had died before the doctor reached.
  • I had left the party before they join.
  • I had ignore the proposal before you recommended.

Formation of compulsion /necessity /obligation sentences

Subject + has/have/had got +infinitive

Example
  • I have to obey him.
  • I have to borrow money.
  • My father had to borrow money for me.
  • You will have to follow me.
To make negative:

 Subject + has /have / had +infinitive
  • I have not to obey him.
  • I have not to borrow money.
 Has, have, had to show possession:
  • I have pen.
  • He has book.
  • They have lots of money.
  • We have property.
To show relation:
  • A table has four legs.
  • I have three sisters.
  • A cow has two horns.
  • These sentence also give expression of (take /give/ enjoy/experience)like
  • I have had my dinner.
  • She had her bath early in d morning.
  • We had a good time.
Negative Sentence with "had" "have" "has":

Sub+had/have/has +no/ not any+ noun
  • I have no money
  • He has no money.
  • I have not any money.
  • He has not any money.
  • Never use (no any)
  • Subjected/does/did not have + noun
  • I don’t have any money
  • he doesn’t have any money
  • he did not have any money
Note ..Do not/ did not always come with only "have" never use "had" or "has".

Interrogatives with has /have/ had:
  • Have you a book.
  • Has he a house?
  • Had they have time?
  • We can also make these with do/does like
  • Do you have a book?
  • Does he have a big house?
Verbs that shows, work is still undone that we hope for

like- Supposed, expect, hope, think, wish, want intend Past perfect + infinitive
  • I had expected to find him here .
  • I had hoped to get passed this year.
We can also use perfect infinitive to make these sentence in place of simple infinitive- like
  • I had expected to have found him here.
  • I had hoped to have received your call.
  • I had wished to have bought a new car.
Have /had/had
in the repetitive use of have, had and had: the first had is an auxiliary verb and the second is finite verb like
  • I have had my breakfast.
  • She had had her breakfast early in the morning.
  • He will have had her bath by now.
“Had” is also used to express a wish or desire- like
  • Had I been a princess.
  • Had I seen your performance.
  • Had he won this game?
Has/have been + noun / noun with preposition:
When a work started in the past and have finished or not continuing to the present .
  • She has been a good dancer.
  • He has been my teacher.
  • I have been to England.

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